Healthcare Analytics, Population Health Management, Healthcare Big Data

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84% of Execs: Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Healthcare

Artificial intelligence has the potential to completely revolutionize the way healthcare systems interact with their patients.

Artificial intelligence in healthcare

Source: Thinkstock

By Jennifer Bresnick

- More than 80 percent of healthcare executives polled by Accenture believe that artificial intelligence is on track to completely revolutionize healthcare, and a similar number believe that the advent of machine learning and digital healthcare is driving a significant restructuring of industry economics.

“AI is the new UI,” proclaims the report. “It’s a new world where artificial intelligence is moving beyond a back-end tool for the healthcare enterprise to the forefront of the consumer and clinician experience.”

“AI is taking on more sophisticated roles, with the potential to make every technology interface both simple and smart – setting a high bar for how future interactions work.”

The report envisions a healthcare environment where AI can take over the majority of processes currently overseen by humans.  Consumer relations and patient engagement are likely to be among the first tasks to undergo the shift. 

Eighty-four percent of executives believe that AI will fundamentally alter how they gain information from patients and interact with consumers.  A similar number have prioritized the implementation of centralized platforms that take advantage of messaging bots and other services.

READ MORE: Artificial Intelligence Could Take Over Surgical Jobs by 2053

More than three-quarters believe that these decisions will make or break their ability to develop a competitive advantage over their peers in the near future.  Eighty-two percent agree that industry leadership will be defined by how well healthcare organizations architect comprehensive, seamless digital ecosystems that truly understand what motivates the choices of their patients.

“The new frontier of digital experience is technology specifically designed for individual human behavior,” the report asserts. “Healthcare leaders recognize that as technology shrinks the gap between effective human and machine cooperation, accounting for unique human behavior expands not only the quality of the experience, but also the effectiveness of technology solutions.”

Artificial intelligence in healthcare

Source: Accenture

Seventy-two percent of respondents to the survey stated that they are already using intelligent virtual assistants to create “better customer interactions,” although the report does not include data on whether customers believe that their interactions are, in fact, improved by interacting with chatbots and other automated tools.

Ideally, these always-available staff members will help patients navigate the health system more easily by becoming one-stop shops for important information. 

“A barrier to healthcare self-service has been that people don’t know where to look for information, leading to difficult and discouraging interactions,” the report says. “Or, they get no personal guidance outside the four walls of a doctor’s office.

READ MORE: Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Augmentation or Companionship?

“As technology becomes simpler, smarter and interfaces are more usable to consumers, it improves the customer experience. Systems that have the right rules, algorithms and intelligence behind them will know about the healthcare consumers— their medical history, allergies, past procedures and lifestyle behaviors— and use that information to guide personalized experiences.”

AI will provide similar benefits on the back-end for payers and providers who currently struggle to extract meaningful insights from the massive volume of unstructured big data at their disposal. 

Artificial intelligence may be applied to a wide variety of administrative and clinical tasks, including risk stratification, population health management, diagnostics, prior authorizations, and personalized medicine.

“AI is like a smart sponge—the more data it absorbs, the more intelligent it gets,” Accenture says. “As data from personal health devices, internet of health things solutions, DNA testing, genome sequencing, electronic medical records and more informs AI tools, clinicians will have keener ability to offer predictive recommendations based on a holistic view of the patient that learns over time.”

Executive responses to artificial intelligence in healthcare

Source: Accenture

While the brief takes a very rosy view of how healthcare can adapt to the rapid rise of artificial intelligence, it does acknowledge that many of the questions generated by AI are currently unanswered.

READ MORE: How Do Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning Differ in Healthcare?

Two-thirds of executives believe that they are developing platforms and services that fall into “regulatory grey areas” that do not clearly address the privacy, security, and ethical concerns of an extremely liquid big data environment.  More than 40 percent of respondents have already committed to self-regulating in an effort to engender trust across the care continuum.

“To build and maintain trust, healthcare organizations must work collaboratively to solve new challenges related to technology,” Accenture says.

“In an era when technology can be trained to do what people want— good or bad—governance must guard the ecosystem against ill intentions and inappropriate use of resources. By working together, ecosystem participants will create a trusted environment where information is shared and used in the best interest of people.”

Healthcare organizations may still have to wait a few years before true artificial intelligence becomes sophisticated and trustworthy enough to automate clinical, administrative, and consumer-facing tasks, but the industry is clearly trending in that direction.

“Healthcare organizations have an unprecedented opportunity to transform their relationships with all these stakeholders when they consider and respond to human behavior. And consumers will have a better opportunity to interact with technology to access care how and when they want to,” the report concludes.

“By considering and responding to human behavior, businesses have the opportunity to create richer, more responsive journeys with customers, clinicians and administrators, transforming relationships into true partnerships that improve the health system for everyone.”

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